For a general overview of the Freedom of Information Act see the U.S. Department of Justice's FOIA homepage.
How to make a FOIA Request
All FOIA requests must be in writing and should include the following information:
A. Requestor's name, address, and telephone number.
B. A description of the records being sought. The records should be identified as specifically as possible. A request for specific records that are releasable to the public can be processed much more quickly than a request for "all information" on a particular subject. Also fees for a more specific and limited request will generally be less.
C. A statement concerning willingness to pay fees, including any limitations.