This website, all websites linked in the ‘Sites by Language’ tab at the top of this page, as well as all news, information, and features available on these websites (collectively, “VOA News and Information Websites”), are services provided by The Voice of America (“VOA”), an element of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (“BBG”).
VOA programs and the VOA News and Information Websites are intended for audiences outside of the United States. The VOA News and Information Websites also function to make program materials available to U.S. requestors after their dissemination abroad. Domestic American broadcasters utilizing similar tradenames and call letters are not affiliated with BBG, VOA, or with VOA News and Information Websites.
USE OF CONTENT AND Copyright
: The content appearing on the VOA News and Information Websites is intended for your personal, noncommercial use only. You may download the downloadable content items appearing on the VOA News and Information Websites for your personal use only.
: The VOA News and Information Websites may contain text, video, audio, images, graphics, and other copyrighted material furnished by the Associated Press, Reuters, AFP, ABC News, and other content providers (collectively, “Vendor Content”). The Vendor Content is licensed for use in VOA programming only. Vendor Content is copyright protected and other than as stated above, may not be copied, redistributed, sold, or published without the express permission of the above-mentioned vendors or other copyright owners. Images, graphics, or video programming on VOA News and Information Websites may include a visual mark indicating the inclusion of any Vendor Content. You should assume all audio and radio programming on VOA News and Information Websites includes Vendor Content unless VOA specifically informs you otherwise.
You agree that you are solely responsible for your use of any content or program materials that you access through VOA News and Information Websites, including any copyrighted portion(s) of those materials. You further agree that you shall secure all necessary licenses from VOA AND FROM all persons or organizations that hold a copyright in any portion of program materials you access through VOA News and Information Websites before making any use of those program materials, except uses of program materials permitted by the Copyright Act of 1976, as amended.
One-time requests for broadcast-quality copies of VOA program materials shall be directed to UsageRequest@voanews.com
. Note that when video programs, articles or photographs are credited to a source other than Voice of America
(such as the Associated Press, Reuters or AFP, and others), the credited source holds the rights to the material. Please contact that party directly. VOA may require a written statement that you have obtained all necessary rights and licenses before releasing broadcast-quality copies of VOA program materials.
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If you are a U.S. organization interested in an ongoing subscription to VOA programming, please visit http://Direct.VOANews.com
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Digital Millennium Copyright Act Notice
VOA respects the intellectual property of others, and we ask users of the VOA News and Information Websites to do the same. In accordance with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and other applicable law, VOA has adopted a policy that provides for the termination in appropriate circumstances of account holders who infringe the rights of copyright holders. If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please provide VOA’s Copyright Agent the following information:
A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed;
Identification of the copyright work claimed to have been infringed, or, if multiple copyrighted works on VOA’s site are covered by a single notification, a representative list of such works at the site;
Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity that is to be removed or access to which is to be disabled, and information reasonably sufficient to permit VOA to locate the material;
Information reasonably sufficient to permit VOA to contact you, the complaining party;
A statement that you, the complaining party, have a good-faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that you, the complaining party, are authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.
VOA’s Copyright Agent for notice of claims of copyright infringement on or regarding VOA’s site can be reached by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
or writing to:
Voice of America Copyright Agent
330 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, D.C. 20237
United States of America
"Voice of America", "VOA", the VOA design, and “voanews.com” are trademarks which may not be used without express permission. If you wish to create a link to the voanews.com website on your own page, please send your request to email@example.com
We will collect no personal information about you when you visit our website unless you choose to provide that information to us.
Information Collected and Stored Automatically
If you do nothing during your visit but browse through the website, read pages, or download information, we will gather and store certain information about your visit automatically. This information does not identify you personally. We automatically collect and store only the following information about your visit:
If You Send Us Personal Information
The internet domain (for example, "xcompany.com" if you use a private Internet access account, or "yourschool.edu" if you connect from a university's domain) and IP address ( an IP address is a number that is automatically assigned to your computer whenever you are surfing the Web) from which you access our website.
The type of browser and operating system used to access our site;
The date and time you access our site;
The pages you visit;
If you linked to this website from another website, the address of that other website.
If you choose to provide us with personal information by sending an e-mail to us, or by filling out a form with your personal information and submitting it through our website, we use that information to respond to your message and to help us get the information you have requested. We do not collect personal information for any other purposes. Moreover, we do not create individual profiles with the information you provide or give this information to any private organizations. Nor do we collect information for commercial marketing.
We would share your e-mail with another federal government agency only if your inquiry related to that agency or if we were required to do so by law. In addition, we would release documents, including e-mails, if required to do so by a congressional or judicial subpoena.
Information Collected for Tracking and Customization (Cookies)
A cookie is a small file that a website transfers to your computer to allow it to remember specific information about your session while you are connected. Your computer will only share the information in the cookie with the website that provided it, and no other website can request it. There are two types of cookies, session and persistent. Session cookies last only as long as your web browser is open. Once you close your browser, the cookie disappears. Persistent cookies store information on your computer for longer periods of time.
VOA News and Information Websites may use session cookies for technical purposes such as to enable better navigation through the site, or to allow you to customize your preferences for interacting with the site. A few VOA News and Information Websites may also make use of persistent cookies to remember you between visits so, for example, you can save your customized preference settings for future visits. Each VOA News and Information Website using persistent cookies identifies itself as doing so.
At no time is your private information, whether stored in persistent cookies or elsewhere, shared with third parties who have no right to that information. If you do not wish to have session or persistent cookies stored on your machine, you can turn them off in your browser. However, this may affect the functioning of some VOA News and Information Websites.
VOA News and Information Websites may allow users to post, upload, transmit, or otherwise submit comments, messages, photos, images, story ideas, or other content or materials (collectively “User-Submitted Materials). You acknowledge that User-Submitted Materials may be routed through our servers, the servers of one or more third parties on our behalf, and the Internet. You acknowledge that VOA News and Information Websites are for public and not private communications.
You may only submit materials to VOA News and Information Websites for which you have the copyright or other necessary rights and permission to distribute electronically. You may not violate, plagiarize, or infringe on the rights of third parties, including copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret, privacy, personal, publicity, moral or proprietary rights. You agree and represent that you own or have all necessary rights and permissions to use, distribute, and authorize VOA to use and distribute any materials you submit.
You retain any copyright or other ownership rights you possess in any User-Submitted Materials that you submit on or through VOA News and Information Websites. However, by submitting any User-Submitted Materials on or through VOA News and Information Websites, you hereby grant VOA a non-exclusive, perpetual, royalty-free, fully paid up, worldwide, transferable license to use, copy, sublicense, modify, transmit, publicly perform, display, create derivative works of, host, index, cache, tag, encode, and/or adapt your User-Submitted Materials in any and all media formats or channels, whether now known or hereafter devised.
Additional user-submitted material Rules Specific to Posting Comments
VOA will make every effort to review and post comments within 48 hours, although VOA is under no obligation to post comments within any deadline or to post the comments at all. VOA encourages thoughtful discussion and will not censor comments based on ideology or political points of view. VOA will not edit comments - we will either post them or refuse to post them. All comments must follow these rules:
Disclaimer of Endorsements
Stay on topic.
No obscenity, profanity, vulgarity, hate language, SHOUTING, or other bad behavior.
No personal attacks. No inflammatory language or calls for violence.
No advocating or providing instruction on how to conduct any illegal activity
No advertising, promotional materials, "junk mail," "spam," "chain letters," "pyramid schemes," or any other form of solicitation
Simple text only, no html or other code.
VOA may link to external sites that help us perform our mission or illustrate news reports. Links to external servers do not imply any official VOA endorsement of the opinions or ideas expressed therein, nor do such links guarantee the validity of the information provided. Links to commercial sites are in no way an endorsement of any vendor's products or services. Links will be provided to external servers that are managed in a professional manner (i.e., it is fully operational, is available most of the time, does not serve inaccurate information or obscene graphics, etc.). This server will not link to external servers if such a link would appear to provide an official endorsement of fundraising efforts or lobbying for a political agenda.
Disclaimer of Warranty & Limitation of Liability
YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE THAT USE OF VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK. VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES AND ANY CONTENT, MATERIALS, USER-SUBMITTED MATERIALS, OR FEATURES AVAILABLE ON OR THROUGH VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES ARE AVAILABLE ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS, WITHOUT ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
VOA DOES NOT WARRANT THAT VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE.
VOA MAKES NO WARRANTIES AS TO THE RESULTS THAT MAY BE OBTAINED FROM USE OF VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES OR ANY INFORMATION AVAILABLE ON OR THROUGH VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES. IN PARTICULAR, NO HEALTH REPORTING, NOR ANY OTHER CONTENT, CONTAINED OR AVAILABLE ON VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES IS OR SHOULD BE CONSIDERED, OR USED AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL ADVICE, DIAGNOSIS, OR TREATMENT BY A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL.
NEITHER VOA, BBG, NOR EITHER OF THEIR RESPECTIVE EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, THIRD PARTY CONTENT PROVIDERS OR LICENSORS ARE LIABLE FOR THE DEFAMATORY, OFFENSIVE, OR ILLEGAL CONDUCT OF OTHER USERS OR THIRD-PARTIES WHO ACCESS VOA NEWS AND INFORMATION WEBSITES. THE RISK OF INJURY FROM THE FOREGOING RESTS ENTIRELY WITH YOU.
You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless VOA, BBG, and their respective governors, officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims and expenses, including attorneys' fees, arising out of your use of VOA News and Information Websites.
VOA News and Information Websites handle errors in the following way: If the error is a simple typo that doesn't change facts or understanding of the story, we consider it a minor change and simply correct it without further mention. If the error is substantive or one of fact, we change it, add an asterisk *, then a note at the bottom saying when it was corrected and what was wrong originally. On a breaking news story, we may overwrite the text of an article several times as the story develops. Due to the urgency of the news and time constraints, we will not mention the exact changes in each version - we expect understanding that it is a story that is still developing.